Warming by 1°C drives species and assemblage level responses in Antarctica’s marine shallows

first_imgForecasting assemblage-level responses to climate change remains one of the greatest challenges in global ecology [1, 2]. Data from the marine realm are limited because they largely come from experiments using limited numbers of species [3], mesocosms whose interior conditions are unnatural [4], and long-term correlation studies based on historical collections [5]. We describe the first ever experiment to warm benthic assemblages to ecologically relevant levels in situ. Heated settlement panels were used to create three test conditions: ambient and 1°C and 2°C above ambient (predicted in the next 50 and 100 years, respectively [6]). We observed massive impacts on a marine assemblage, with near doubling of growth rates of Antarctic seabed life. Growth increases far exceed those expected from biological temperature relationships established more than 100 years ago by Arrhenius. These increases in growth resulted in a single “r-strategist” pioneer species (the bryozoan Fenestrulina rugula) dominating seabed spatial cover and drove a reduction in overall diversity and evenness. In contrast, a 2°C rise produced divergent responses across species growth, resulting in higher variability in the assemblage. These data extend our ability to expand, integrate, and apply our knowledge of the impact of temperature on biological processes to predict organism, species, and ecosystem level ecological responses to regional warming.last_img read more

Doughnuts named fastest-growing snack

first_imgDoughnuts were the fastest-growing snack in the out-of-home sector last year, according to new research from The NPD Group.New data, covering the foodservice sector, has revealed the sugary treat saw the number of servings up 11.1% compared to 2012, at 63.7 million.Brownies were second on the list, with 54.6m servings, up 10.9% on the year before, while bacon sandwiches were third with 44.7m servings – also up 10.9%.The fifth fastest-growing snack was croissants, up 10.4% to 54.9m servings.According to The NPD Group, the desire for a ‘little treat’ was key to the growth of these snacks products, with 11.7% more consumers revealing that they treat themselves, which accounts for 14.5% of all snacking meal occasions during 2013.However the study revealed that despite the growth in particular products, the trend for snacking away from home is actually declining, with visits down 2.3% in the year to December 2013, “following several years of growth”, it said.The decline covers morning, afternoon and late snacking dayparts, down 2.9%, 2.4% and 1.7% respectively, with the declines driven by consumers aged 25- to 49 years old.The biggest loss of appetite for snacking was among the C2DE social groups, with snack visits down by -13.1%, while visits among the more affluent ABC1s were up by +5%, it said.In terms of the most popular products to snack on, cake came in second place to chocolate bars, with crisps coming in third.Jessica Chambers, client development manager for The NPD Group, said: “We spent £8.1bn on ‘out of home’ snacks in 2013, so we are not losing our knack for a snack, even though some people are definitely trying to save money by snacking less often.“And with three sweet snacks in the top five fastest growing, and nearly 425 million servings of chocolate and cake happily consumed out of home in 2013, we clearly have a sweet tooth.”last_img read more

Seizing power from below

first_img <a href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W5VoLZUofBY” rel=”nofollow” target=”_blank”> <img src=”https://img.youtube.com/vi/W5VoLZUofBY/0.jpg” alt=”0″ title=”How To Choose The Correct Channel Type For Your Video Content ” /> </a> Linda Gordon, Matina S. Horner Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, discussed Dorothea Lange. Lange was hired by the New Deal administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to document the impact of the Great Depression on America’s farms. Courtesy of Radcliffe Institute When Linda Gordon realized she “wasn’t good enough” to make it as a professional dancer, she hung up her ballet slippers and headed to college. There, she fell in love with the past.Now an award-winning author and historian, she is working on a book about social movements of the 20th century while she’s a fellow at Harvard’s Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study.The turn from dance to history is just one of many professional shifts for Gordon during a long and accomplished career.Her early academic epiphany came at the hands of an inspiring teacher who unlocked her passion for history with classes on the French Revolution and modern Russia. “I owe a whole set of interests to him,” said Gordon, who graduated from Swarthmore College in 1961 with a history degree and pursued doctoral studies in Russian history at Yale University. But while in the Soviet Union working on her thesis about the origins of Ukrainian Cossacks in the 15th and 16th centuries, she was denied entrance to archives critical to her research.“I naively thought that if you go that far back in history, you would be avoiding the Cold War. But in the Soviet Union everything was political, and everything had to do with the Cold War.”Later, during her first job teaching at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, she met people studying and researching American history, was influenced by the women’s movement, and realized she could study her field “in my very own country.” Gordon turned her focus from Russia to the United States and women and gender. Her early works examined issues such as how America has dealt with family violence, the country’s history of birth control, and the history of its welfare system.Another shift was ahead, as Gordon transitioned from large policy studies of the past to more narrative-driven works that tapped her fascination with how “large historical forces intersect individual lives.”In 2001, she penned “The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction,” an intimate look at the plight of orphans taken from New York City in 1904 and slated for adoption by Mexican-Americans. (Anglo-Americans, enraged that Mexican immigrants would be allowed to raise those children, ultimately seized them.) Her 2010 biography, “Dorothea Lange: A Life Beyond Limits,” is a portrait of the photographer whose searing black-and-white images vividly captured the suffering of the Great Depression.Both titles won Gordon the Bancroft Prize for best book in American history in the years they were published.At Radcliffe, Gordon, a professor at New York University, said she is shifting again, returning to the format of earlier works by examining a variety of social movements in the 20th century through a series of case studies. Her expansive tome will include chapters on the women’s and Civil Rights movements, and each chapter will be developed around a particular theme, such as community or identity-building.“I am trying to tell the stories of a few social movements, but I am also trying to use them to develop some themes and to identify some of the questions that one ought to ask about social movements.”One chapter focuses on a social movement she did not know in detail. Gordon has spent the last few months studying the Ku Klux Klan. “In the 1920s in the northern part of the United States, the Klan was truly a mass movement,” Gordon said, with large bases of support in states such as Oregon, Ohio, and Indiana.By juxtaposing chapters on progressive social movements with one on such an extremist organization, Gordon, who holds the Matina S. Horner Distinguished Visiting Professor Fellowship at Radcliffe, hopes to shed light on the appeal of group action and social movements more broadly.“Some of the reasons people are attracted to the Klan are not so different from the reason that people are attracted to other social movements,” said Gordon. “It provided people with a very strong sense of community, a feeling of belonging to something with like-minded people. But the Klan’s community was based on excluding and deriding black, Catholic, and Jewish people. I think it illustrates that democratic social movements, by contrast, work to create both community and inclusivity — a difficult but essential balance.”Works of art may again play a role in Gordon’s forthcoming book. Sophomores Alasdair Nicholson and Cansu Colakoglu are helping her research the output of the roughly 30,000 federally funded artists who created paintings, murals, prints, and sculptures during the Depression. Gordon is particularly interested in the thousands of post office murals created during that time.“My hypothesis … is that these artists felt themselves part of a social movement, contributing their visual skills to a social movement inspired by [President] Franklin Roosevelt to build a better America, to both beautify America but also to help America regain its confidence after this terrible economic crash.”For Colakoglu, the project strikes a deeply personal chord. Last May she joined thousands of people in her native Turkey to protest the urban development plans for Istanbul’s Taksim Gezi Park. “It was just the most amazing experience of my life,” said Colakoglu, who attended the protests with her parents and plans to write her senior thesis on social movements. “That was the first time I thought things could change.”The Photography of Dorothea Langelast_img read more

News from MesosCon: libStorage Delivers Native Storage to Container Platforms

first_imgBreaking from MesosCon: EMC announces pioneering open source initiative—libStorage. Promoting storage to a first-class citizen, libStorage provides a platform-agnostic framework that enables storage provisioning, orchestration and control across a rapidly changing open source and container-driven ecosystem.Containers are hot and getting hotter—but they’re not without their challenges. Container and open source platforms are each addressing storage challenges independently and building a healthy ecosystem around storage is critical. As a result, sustainability is in question as additional methods of bringing storage into these platforms emerge. EMC has introduced libStorage to move the needle.So why libStorage and why now?To enable the highest level of choice for users, platforms have the opportunity to embrace an open and comprehensive storage orchestration framework. This drives the maturity of the ecosystem forward where customers have a reliable and supportable standardized method to get storage to containers and applications, while reducing the number of moving parts.Today, capabilities and strengths differ in the container ecosystem—so users may have any combination of Cloud Foundry, Docker, Mesos and Kubernetes in their environments and expect to run different types of applications in each platform. libStorage defines a common framework and storage model to deliver resources to containers and consumers of containers—and ultimately, one common level of functionality to be exposed and supported through all container platforms.So what does all this mean? EMC is making storage a first-class citizen by creating an ideal architecture that embeds libStorage client and server components to enable container runtimes to communicate directly with storage platforms. This design requires minimal operational dependencies and provides volume management for container runtimes, simplifying and automating a once complex and time-consuming task. This new architecture will allow every storage vendor to immediately become relevant in the container world. Pursuing the completely native libStorage route where the plumbing between container and storage platforms is invisible is possible by adopting libStorage in the control plane of storage platforms.But don’t just take our word for it. Rancher Labs has the scoop on libStorage, and CEO and Co-Founder Sheng Liang had this to say: “As with any new technology, containers create new challenges for users even as they solve existing ones. libStorage solves one of the most critical issues of containers in the context of storage: communication—knocking down a major hurdle for users and enabling them to more efficiently extract more value, more quickly, from multiple container platforms.”Furthering EMC’s commitment to open source, libStorage is the latest in a series of open source innovations led by EMC’s Community Onramp for Developer Enablement, known as EMC {code}. EMC {code} was founded in 2014 with the mission to support 3rd Platform development and open source communities through contributions to critical open source projects, engagement and technical solution leadership. The team is dedicated to assuring continued relevance and affinity for EMC’s software and physical infrastructure products.EMC {code} is showcasing libStorage at MesosCon, booth # P1 – stop by and check it out. libStorage is available on GitHub: https://github.com/emccode/libstoragelast_img read more

Looking Movie Sets July Premiere

first_imgJonathan Groff in ‘Looking'(Photo: HBO) Star Files View Comments Mark your calendars for more dick socks, anal covers and #Groffsauce. HBO’s previously announced feature-length Looking finale will air on July 23. The series, starring Hamilton Tony nominee Jonathan Groff, ended after two seasons in 2015.Looking: The Movie will follow Patrick (Groff) as he returns to San Francisco for the first time in almost a year to celebrate an event with his friends Augstín and Dom. Once he’s back, though, he’s forced to confront loose ends and unresolved relationships.In addition to Groff, the film will feature several alums from the series, including fellow Broadway vet Russell Tovey, Frankie J. Alvarez, Murray Bartlett and Lauren Weedman.Fans can also catch Groff on the small screen in the upcoming Netflix series Mindhunter. Jonathan Grofflast_img read more

Snyder Lecture

first_imgSalibo Somé, founder of Africa’s Sustainable Development Council, will deliver the 2010 Darl Snyder Lecture March 4 at the University of Georgia in Athens, Ga.The lecture will begin at 10 a.m. in Masters Hall at the Georgia Center for Continuing Education and is free and open to the public. As executive director for Africa’s Sustainable Development Council, Somé has helped raise more than $4.3 million to support people across Africa. Focusing on literacy and micro-enterprise development in agriculture, livestock and forestry, Somé has helped 7,500 men, women and children living in 106 villages since founding the program in 1998. His vision for a sustainable nation began when he was a child growing up in Burkina Faso. After earning a master’s in entomology and a doctorate in crop and soil science from the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, he returned to rural Africa. Somé is multi-lingual, speaking six languages, and has authored or co-authored several articles on sustainability and entomology.Since 1992, the UGA African Studies Institute has invited accomplished scholars in African Studies to lecture in honor of Darl Snyder.A pioneer in the development of African studies at UGA, Snyder established numerous linkages with African universities. His UGA career began in 1969 at the Rural Development Center in Tifton, Ga. During his 27-year tenure at UGA, he established the worldwide Collaborative Research Support Program on peanuts and implemented a USAID-funded agricultural human resource development program. This led to the creation of an agricultural research station at the University of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. A fellowship fund, created in Snyder’s honor, helps fund student trips to Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa.last_img read more

Comeback of the Canoe

first_imgPhoto: Hunter DavisDooley Tombras was kneeling in his boat at the top of Triple Falls last spring when he became convinced he was going to paddle off the edge of the earth. Triple Falls is a three-tiered waterfall that drops 125 feet inside North Carolina’s Dupont State Forest. Occasionally, a brazen kayaker runs the falls, but nobody had ever done what Tombras was about to attempt. The 29-year old Knoxville paddler was about to bag the first descent of Triple Falls in a whitewater canoe.“It’s really intimidating to be in a boat at the top of a set of massive waterfalls,” Tombras says. “I’ve never had that perspective before, where it looks like the world just ends. The tourists standing there were looking at me like I was crazy.”It was just another day of work for Tombras, star of Canoe Movie 2: Uncharted Waters, the second whitewater canoe film produced by paddling collective Amongstit (the same group that puts together the popular Lunch Video Magazine). The movie follows Tombras and other whitewater canoeists as they systematically knock out first canoe descents of burly creeks and waterfalls all over North America and Mexico.Whitewater canoeing was relatively popular until the early 2000s when kayaks evolved into smaller, lighter, and more stable boats, which allowed paddlers to run more advanced water. Whitewater canoe design didn’t progress as quickly. Open boats were markedly slower and less maneuverable than kayaks. Whitewater canoes nearly became relics of a bygone era.“Suddenly, it was much easier to run hard whitewater in a kayak, so everyone abandoned their canoes,” says Tombras, who’s been paddling whitewater in a canoe since the mid 90s. “People were fleeing the sport. All I ever heard were stories about people ditching their open boats.”Luckily for Tombras and other die-hard open boaters, the paradigm shifted again two years ago, when Canadian canoe manufacturer Esquif developed the L’Edge, a shorter, more stable canoe with a radical rocker that allows a skilled canoeist to run hard whitewater almost as easily as a kayaker.With the original Canoe Movie, which was released in 2010, the Amongstit crew wanted to introduce the world to whitewater canoeing, detailing its history and some of the key players in the niche sport. With Canoe Movie 2, Hunter Davis, one of the owners of Amongstit, hopes to show the world exactly what can be done in an open boat.“Anything you can do in a kayak, these guys can do in a canoe. You can run class V. You can run waterfalls,” Davis says. “With Canoe Movie 2, we want to blow the doors off of adventure canoeing. We want to show them running these huge drops, and show that they’re not just daredevils throwing themselves off of waterfalls. They’re making big, beautiful moves just like a kayaker.”In the process of filming Canoe Movie 2, Tombras and his cohorts have notched out first descents all over North America, including 40-foot waterfalls in Mexico and wilderness runs in the Carolinas’ Jocassee Gorge. One of the most impressive first descents has to be Road Prong in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. It’s a skinny tributary of West Prong that’s accessed from the Chimney’s parking lot. It’s only runnable after a massive rain, and by all accounts, it’s the steepest river ever run in a canoe. The Road Prong drops 750 feet per mile with no necessary portages. By comparison, the Green River, arguably the most famous steep creek in the country, drops only 300 feet per mile.“It was scary,” Tombras says. “To be honest, I only ran it because the film was rolling.”While the new boats are more maneuverable on the water than the older models, they’re no lighter. Esquif’s L’Edge comes in at 70 pounds, and canoeists often have to carry on their shoulders for long hikes if they want to bag the more remote rivers in the region. For the Road Prong descent, Tombras had to lug his boat up a hiking trail that gained 1,000 feet in elevation before he could dip his paddle in the water.Beyond the added weight, there are still some performance limitations to open boating. Canoeists still only have one paddle and they still have a big hole in the top of their boat, so they’re always going to take on water. It’s a trade off, according to Tombras, who never once considered abandoning his canoe for a kayak.“I like the added challenge and the aesthetic value of running a river in a canoe,” Tombras says. “It’s like telemark skiing or fly fishing. Yes, it’s harder, but that’s part of the beauty.”More paddlers are drawn to the aesthetics of canoeing now that the boat designs have caught up to kayaks. Canoeists are now able to style big drops and tight creeks as well as most kayakers, pushing the limits of what people thought was possible in an open boat. More often than not, those limits are being pushed right here in the Southeast.“There are small pockets of open boaters all over, but the Southern Appalachians are a mecca,” Davis says. “The guys who are pushing the sport are doing it right here in our backyard.”The majority of Canoe Movie 2’s footage was shot on Southern creeks, and it wasn’t just a matter of convenience. According to Tombras, Southeastern rivers are ideal for open boating.“It’s the geology. We have drop and pool rivers, where you can run a big waterfall, then recover in an eddy and dump the water out of your boat before moving on to the next big drop,” Tombras says. “In the Rockies, though, the whitewater is more continuous, so if you’re in an open boat, you could easily get beat down for a mile of nonstop whitewater.”As for Davis, he’s excited about being able to show off some of our local rivers in a cutting-edge film like Canoe Movie 2.“You see a lot of adventure films set in places I’ll never get to go,” Davis says. “New Zealand looks amazing, but I’ll probably never get to paddle there. But I know I can get to the West Prong, which looks just as amazing, and I’ve never seen a film like this set there until now.”Video Bonus: See a teaser of Canoe Movie 2: Uncharted Waters:last_img read more

Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson Not Indicted By Grand Jury

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A grand jury in St. Louis, Missouri has declined to indict Darren Wilson, the white Ferguson police officer who shot and killed unarmed black teenager Michael Brown in August, reigniting violent demonstrations from months ago.St. Louis County prosecutor Robert McCulloch announced the decision, which was condemned by the 18-year-old man’s family and supporters. President Barack Obama called for peace, but police and protestors clashed moments after the announcement  9 p.m. Monday.“There was a full investigation,” McCulloch said of the grand jury’s review of 75 hours of testimony from 60 witnesses. “They determined that no probable cause exists.”Two black women, one black man, six white men and three white women comprised the grand jury. They spent three months weighing the evidence to render their decision.Ferguson, Mo. has been a city of unrest since the shooting, with mass protests and demonstrations; many resulting in violent clashes with military-outfitted police and riot squads as well as the state National Guard capturing headlines around the world.Brown’s slaying reignited passionate discussions about racial tension in the United States and fueled debate regarding press freedoms.McCulloch, Obama and Brown’s family urged protestors to use the incident as an opportunity for positive change and not an excuse for violence.“No matter what the grand jury decides, I do not want my son’s death to be in vain,” Obama said, quoting Brown’s father, which later issued a statement saying he was disappointed by the decision.Those calls for peace appeared to be ignored, as protestors were seen on TV news reports throwing tear gas canisters back at police after police tried to disperse the crowd, once it turned unruly.Local businesses in the area had boarded up their windows and several schools in the area had closed early for Thanksgiving break, according to published reports, in anticipation of the verdict. Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon declared a state of emergency and also activated the Missouri National Guard.He stood with St. Louis County Executive Charlie A. Dooley and St. Louis Mayor Francis G. Slay Monday evening prior to the grand jury’s decision, jointly calling for “peace, respect and restraint.”“No matter what is announced,” said Dooley, “people will be emotional. I want people to think with their heads, not with their emotions.”“What happened to Michael Brown has deeply divided us,” said Slay, adding a message to protestors. “We will protect your right to peacefully assemble and speak your mind. [But violence and destruction of property] will not be tolerated.“The world will be watching us.”The U.S. Department of Justice is currently conducting a civil investigation into the Ferguson Police Department. That probe is ongoing, but it is unclear when it will be completed.last_img read more

Postal worker who recanted his recanting is on tape recanting

first_img– Advertisement – O’Keefe and Project Veritas are an essential part of the Republican Party. Which is again both hilarious and terrifying. Because for the next 60-odd days, they’re in charge of the country. Far from being coercive, the recording shows that the investigators “repeatedly reminded Hopkins that his cooperation was voluntary, and Hopkins agreed to sign a document stating that he was not coerced.” One also asked him if he had a lawyer, and Hopkins said a Project Veritas lawyer was on retention “in case there’s anything that happens.” At which point the agent hinted that maybe he should have a personal lawyer and “I would make whatever efforts possible to have that person here.” That’s about as “coercive” as the interview seems to have been. But Hopkins, clearly in way over his head, later talked to O’Keefe and said he felt like he “got played” by the investigators.The ones playing him are clearly O’Keefe and his team, and who knows what they’re promising Hopkins. Hopkins told inspectors that he’s a libertarian who supported Trump. He didn’t understand Pennsylvania’s rules for the election, i.e., that ballots postmarked Election Day could still be delivered through the following Friday. “It’s so weird that we’re picking up ballots because, at this point [after Election Day], they’re no longer valid,” he told investigators when explaining his concern. He thought it was fraud. “You ever feel like you were doing the right thing but you kind of regret it anyways?” he asked the agent.One gets the sense that Hopkins isn’t the brightest of bulbs, a perfect target for being used by O’Keefe in yet another fraud. It would be sadly hilarious because this guy really is being used, except for the fact that the fraud was used to get Sen. Lindsey Graham to call for a federal investigation, after which Attorney General William Barr authorized federal investigations. It is being used in one of the Trump campaign’s challenges to the Pennsylvania vote.- Advertisement –center_img As one of its key pieces of evidence to challenge the election there, the Trump campaign in Pennsylvania is using the James O’Keefe/Project Veritas-promoted story that a postal worker heard a supervisor tell another worker to backdate ballots. That story was debunked by U.S. Postal Service investigators, who spoke to the worker—Richard Hopkins—who recanted. Then he recanted his recanting again via a video Project Veritas sent out in which they said he had been “interrogated” and “coerced” by agents.Showing just how unsteady the foundation is that Trump has built his legal challenges on, The Washington Post got the recording Project Veritas is using to try to keep this ridiculous claim alive. It was recorded by Hopkins, who told the investigators he was recording, and they let him keep doing it. Which was smart. Because in it, he says he made “assumptions” about the snippets of the conversation he’d overheard that were the basis of his claim and his false affidavit. He said the Erie, Pennsylvania, facility where he heard the conversation was noisy and all he heard for sure were three phrases: “ballots on the 4th,” “all for the 3rd,” and “one postmarked on the 4th.” He said he never heard the word “backdate,” but, “My mind probably added the rest.” Then he talked about the affidavit, saying that it was written by Project Veritas and he wasn’t sure of everything that was in it because he was in “so much shock I wasn’t paying that much attention to what they were telling me.” He told the investigators: “They just wanted me to get the affidavit done so they can utilize it in case they need to subpoena me into the court.”- Advertisement –last_img read more

Interest rates to rise despite RBA

first_imgExperts predict interest rate rises despite the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) decision. Photo: Joel Carrett.THE majority of experts in a recent survey believe financiers will increase their loan rates independent of the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA).Ninety per cent of the 38 experts and economists surveyed by comparison website finder.com.au expect banks to up their loan rates.This is despite the Reserve Bank opting this week to keep the cash rate on hold at 1.5 per cent.When the RBA do eventually move on the cash rate, 68 per cent of those surveyed expect them to rise, with the majority believing the shift won’t come until August or November this year.REA Group chief economist Nerida Conisbee said banks and other financial institutions were expected to continue to increase rates partly because of increased wholesale costs and partly because of APRA pressures.“They will be pretty cautious about raising them but they will raise them independent of the Reserve Bank.”Finder.com.au insights manager at finder.com.au, Graham Cooke, said future hikes mean first home buyers need to be careful.More from news01:21Buyer demand explodes in Townsville’s 2019 flood-affected suburbs12 Sep 202001:21‘Giant surge’ in new home sales lifts Townsville property market10 Sep 2020“With banks likely to lift mortgage rates out-of-cycle, the onus is on first home buyers to factor in potential rate rises to their budgets,” Mr Cooke said.“Generally, mortgage holders should account for two to three per cent on top of their current repayments to avoid rate shock.”Mr Cooke said there was an expectation the gap between the number of first homebuyer and non-first homebuyer loans will continue to widen.“This trend indicates that the market is running away from first-time buyers, as many young couples may be forced to look to the city outskirts to purchase their first home,” he said.Independent economist Saul Eslake said economic data released over the past month would have given the RBA confidence to keep rates on hold in March.“And comments by Phil Lowe over the past month clearly indicate that he has little appetite for further reductions in interest rates, in the absence of a significant negative economic shock,” Mr Eslake said.last_img read more