News Burkina FasoAfrica May 5, 2021 Find out more News RSF_en Burkina FasoAfrica June 7, 2021 Find out more Hydara, who was gunned down in Banjul on 16 December 2004, was the co-founder and co-editor of the privately-owned daily The Point. He also headed the Gambian journalists’ union and was the correspondent of Agence France-Presse and Reporters Without Borders.The official investigation only came up with improbable theories although it was demonstrated that he was under surveillance at the time of his death. A few weeks after his murder, the authorities adopted media legislation that is among the most repressive in West Africa and has left Gambia’s journalists living in terror ever since. More information about media freedom in Gambia and the Hydara case.The International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) is currently waging a major campaign against impunity for crimes of violence against those who exercise their right to freedom of expression while the National Union of Somali Journalists has just published a report on impunity in Somalia, Africa’s deadliest country for the media. Against this backdrop, Reporters Without Borders urges the countries of sub-Saharan Africa, especially the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Nigeria and South Sudan, to make justice for murdered journalists one of their priorities for 2013.Photo : Norbert Zongo and Deyda Hydara News Follow the news on Burkina Faso December 14, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Norbert Zongo and Deyda Hydara – symbols of impunity to go further French reporter says he has been kidnapped in northeastern Mali Time is pressing, 20 years after Burkinabe journalist’s murder Organisation A day after the 14th anniversary of journalist Norbert Zongo’s murder in Burkina Faso and two days before the 8th anniversary of journalist Deyda Hydara’s murder in Gambia, Reporters Without Borders accuses the authorities in these two countries of sabotaging the investigations into their deaths and encouraging impunity.“Will Zongo and Hydara ever be rendered justice?” Reporters Without Borders said. “The authorities in Burkina Faso and Gambia have distinguished themselves in the eyes of their own people and the international community for years by their inertia, lies and absence of any desire to shed light on the murders of these two great journalists.“As in the Zongo and Hydara cases, the impunity enjoyed by those who murder journalists in Africa is one of the worst scourges for freedom of information in this continent.” The discovery of Zongo’s body in a car gutted by fire on 13 December 1998 shocked Burkina Faso and the rest of Africa. Zongo was the editor of the weekly L’Indépendant and at the time of his death he had been investigating a murder in which people close to President Compaoré were implicated.An initial investigation was carried out but in the end the case was dismissed and the authorities have done nothing since then. Zongo’s colleagues and Burkina Faso’s population are still waiting for justice to be rendered. More information about the case. Two Spanish journalists killed in eastern Burkina Faso Help by sharing this information News Receive email alerts April 27, 2021 Find out more
Cassandra Extavour wants scientists to move beyond the fruit fly. An associate professor of organismic and evolutionary biology at Harvard, Extavour heads up the Evo-Devo-Eco Network (EDEN), a collaborative group of researchers devoted to encouraging the study of nontraditional “model” organisms, ranging from sea anemones to crickets to moss.“In experimental research, we usually have to reduce complex problems to simpler ones by making some assumptions,” Extavour said. “The model-organism concept is based on the principle that what works in one organism works in the same way or in similar ways in other organisms. If one is trained to work only with one organism or with one set of tools to solve problems, then we can forget the assumptions that we started off with. Moving between systems keeps you fresh, and keeps you guessing, so that you’ll always be asking yourself ‘How do I know that that is really mutant?’ Or ‘How do I know that that is really normal?’ ”Funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), EDEN provides researchers with funding for resources to allow the use of off-the-beaten-path animals in their labs. The challenge for researchers, Extavour said, is that projects using nontraditional model organisms are often turned down by funding agencies because of a perceived risk contained in working with creatures that aren’t often seen in the lab, and because there are fewer well-established techniques connected to them.This concern stems in part from the lack of a large knowledge base and experimental protocols for nontraditional model organisms. For traditional organisms such as fruit flies or mice, the experimental tool kit is extensive, the result of more than 100 years of work. Techniques to study other organisms, however, may have been developed in just the past decade (or in some cases may not yet exist).This is where EDEN comes in, Extavour said. By providing funding and support to researchers working on techniques and tools using nontraditional model organisms, the resulting data will allow researchers to access information about different evolutionary pathways than those followed by the lineages of the traditional model organisms.A number of deep evolutionary questions cannot be answered by examining only one organism, Extavour said. Her own research provides a clear example of why a comparative approach is important in preventing researchers from reaching incorrect conclusions. In a recent paper published in Current Biology, Extavour’s research found that studying germ cells in many different animals provided valuable insight into the origins and ancestral functions of the oskar gene, a finding that might have been impossible had she not studied nontraditional organisms such as crickets, as well as traditional insects such as fruit flies.EDEN also sponsors undergraduate fellowships to encourage work in unusual organisms, as well as cross-university visits involving graduate students, postdoctoral students, and professors who can develop and share new techniques.By encouraging visits between researchers, the EDEN program promotes new research techniques that can be shared and improved over time. Although EDEN is only two years old, Extavour said, the program has been well-received by the research community. EDEN receives many more applications than it can support. Researchers are excited to share experiences, develop new tools, and build on each other’s strengths.