RSF_en January 24, 2014 – Updated on January 20, 2016 How far will the violence continue to escalate? News Live rounds were fired at Yuri Gruzinov, a cameraman with the Babylon ’13 documentary project, while he was filming clashes on Hruchevskoho Street with a camera on a tripod in the early hours of 22 January. One of the rounds, about a centimetre in diameter, penetrated his body near his armpit, passing very close to his lungs.Members of the special forces have often deliberately attacked journalists, damaging their equipment. The camera of an Inter TV cameraman, for example, was smashed by a baton blow (watch video below). News – Follow the events on Twitter: #euromaidan, #євромайдан- Read our previous statements on the crisis in Ukraine(Photo: Ilya Azar / Lenta.ru, Anatoliy Stepanov / AFP) to go further Journalists are being exposed to unprecedented violence when they cover the ongoing protests and turmoil in Ukraine, where a legislative package drastically restricting freedom of information took effect on 22 January.“We reiterate our appeal to all parties to act with restraint and to show respect for the work and the physical integrity of media personnel,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The many acts of deliberate violence against journalists by members of the special forces and others must be fully and impartially investigated. Clear instructions must be given so that such behaviour, for which there is no justification, does not recur.“We take note of President Viktor Yanukovych’s announcement that journalists arrested during the clashes will be released and we hope it will be implemented quickly and fully. But we point out the media will not be able to operate properly until the draconian laws promulgated on 17 January are repealed.”Escalating violenceFive demonstrators have so far been killed in the clashes and many reporters are among those who have been hurt. The number of journalists injured in connection with their work since 19 January currently stands at 47. Most of the injuries are the result of rubber bullets or stun grenades fired by the “Berkut” riot police.Rubber bullets were deliberately fired at two Associated Press journalists, Yefrem Lukatski and Dmytro Vlasov, on 22 January, hitting Lukatski in the head and Vlasov in the groin. Like most of their colleagues, they were wearing vests with the word “Press.” Only their protective gear spared them more serious injury.Freelance photographer Maksym Dondyuk was injured in the leg on 22 January by a stun grenade that exploded at his feet and lashed his body with flying shrapnel. Stanislav Grigoryev, a presenter with Russia’s REN TV, is still hospitalized after being hit by a stun grenade during a live broadcast (watch video below). February 26, 2021 Find out more UkraineEurope – Central Asia News Receive email alerts March 26, 2021 Find out more Journalists began being targeted outside Kiev as the clashes spread to the rest of the country. Pro-government demonstrators sprayed Novosti Donbasa reporter Violetta Tarasenko with red paint and threw eggs at Tetyana Zarovna, a journalist with the Gazeta.ua news website, in the eastern city of Donetsk on 22 January.Oleg Ogilko, the editor of the local 0472.ua news website, was badly beaten by unidentified attackers while filming opposition activists laying siege to the headquarters of the regional government in the central city of Cherkasy at around dawn yesterday.Because of the scale and systematic nature of the violence, Reporters Without Borders has paid for the purchase of 50 helmets for use by reporters covering the current events in Kiev.Journalists arrested and mistreatedAndrei Kiselev, a Russian journalist with the Lenta.doc documentary project, was arrested along with a group of demonstrators early yesterday morning and was badly beaten by Berkut members. He and the other detainees were forced to kneel in the snow for nearly an hour before being taken to a police station.Kiselev was released yesterday afternoon after an initial charge of participating in violence was dropped, but he continues to be registered as a witness in the case. Freelance photographer Marian Havryliv suffered a worse fate. He was taken out into the open countryside along with a group of detained demonstrators and was beaten. He is currently hospitalized under police surveillance.Spilno.tv cameraman Volodymyr Karagyaur, who was arrested on 20 January while buying gasoline for his generator, has been placed in two-months pre-trial detention on a charge of planning to make gasoline bombs, which carries a possible 15-year jail term. The only evidence against him is his presence at a gas station.Andriy Loza of the opposition newspaper VO Svoboda, who was arrested while photographing a demonstration in the eastern city of Artemivsk from atop a Berkut bus with other reporters on 19 January, has been placed in two months pre-trial detention on a charge of organizing an illegal protest, which carries a maximum sentence of 15 years in prison.Serious threatsAmid violence that is unprecedented since the end of the Second World War, journalists are also being subjected to intimidation. Vitaly Portnikov, a reporter and political analyst with the opposition television station Tvi, fled the country on the evening of 20 January after being the target of a month-long smear campaign and being followed for the final week.He also received threats, including a warning that he risked becoming “the second Gongadze.” On 20 January, three unidentified individuals tried to force the door of his apartment, while uttering threats.Andriy Yanitski, a journalist with the LB.ua news website, did not leave his home for several days after receiving threats that he was going to suffer the same fate as Ihor Lutsenko, an opposition activist who was kidnapped at the start of the week and subjected to a mock execution.Another opposition activist who was kidnapped at the same time, Yuri Verbitski, was found dead on 22 January. He bore the signs of torture. 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In public remarks during the week, Santos exhorted Military personnel to fight the guerrillas with determination and stated that if a dialogue were to open, “it will be on our terms and under our control.” On June 13, in its final debate, the Colombian Congress passed a constitutional reform bill that will allow future peace negotiations in Colombia, a country in which two leftist guerilla groups are still active. Before the bill goes into effect, it must still undergo reconciliation with the text passed by the House of Representatives and must be approved by the Constitutional Court. Two guerrilla groups are still active in the country: the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), with around 9,200 fighters, and the National Liberation Army (ELN), with another 2,500. For almost half a century, Colombia has suffered an internal armed conflict that has left hundreds of thousands of civilian victims. In addition, it would allow guerrilla leaders to have political representation, although those convicted of crimes against humanity will not be able to run for office. By Dialogo June 18, 2012 President Juan Manuel Santos, whose administration promoted this initiative, expressed his pleasure in a message on his Twitter account, which read, “Thank you to Congress for passing legislation that could enable an end to the conflict.” With the reform, “the most serious cases and most responsible individuals will be able to be selected for investigation and sanctions,” he added. The final version, which passed in the Senate with 65 votes in favor and three against, also includes the possibility of granting those benefits to members of the Military, something that has been harshly criticized by human-rights organizations such as Human Rights Watch. In recent months, the FARC has proposed direct dialogue with Santos in order to put an end to the conflict, and at the beginning of the year, as a gesture in that direction, announced an end to kidnapping civilians as a method of financing; nevertheless, it kidnapped French journalist Romeo Langlois in April, during a clash with the Military. The bill puts forward the possibility of granting benefits such as the suspension of penalties to the leaders of armed groups who demobilize. It also establishes mechanisms for prioritizing and selecting cases of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law. Weeks before, the FARC released the last ten police officers and Military personnel whom it had held captive for almost 14 years.
TWO overseas players will be allowed in County Championship and One-Day Cup teams during the 2021 season.The change by the England & Wales Cricket Board (ECB) comes following the decision to terminate Kolpak registrations at the end of this year.First-class counties are permitted to field two overseas players in the T20 Blast, but have been restricted to one in other competitions since 2007.The 2020 county season is scheduled to get under way on August 1.Many counties have cancelled deals for overseas players this season because of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.The ECB’s Performance Cricket Committee (PCC) made the recommendation to double the allowance to the ECB board, which has approved the changes.“There is an important balance to be struck to ensure the need for good foreign players in county cricket and providing opportunity for nine England-qualified players in each county team,” PCC chair Andrew Strauss said.“There are clearly long-established benefits for our domestic players to compete against and learn from the best players from across the world, in addition to providing high-quality domestic cricket for county members and fans to enjoy.“An increase in unqualified cricketers allows first-class counties to maintain that standard while also enabling them to plan and prepare for next summer.” AN END TO KOLPAK CONTRACTSKolpak deals have been used in English cricket since 2004, mainly for players from South Africa.However, they will not be allowed in the county game following Brexit, in line with the deal the United Kingdom secured with the European Union (EU).Kolpak contracts are named after Slovak handball player Marius Kolpak, who won a landmark case at the European Court of Justice in 2003.They allow sportsmen from countries with associate trade agreements with the EU, such as South Africa, Zimbabwe and Caribbean nations, to be afforded the same right to free movement as EU citizens.Kolpak players are not classed as overseas players by the ECB under the terms of their contracts, but they become ineligible to represent their country at international level. (BBC Spprt)