Les Gaz Industriels Limitée (GIL.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Chemicals sector has released it’s 2016 abridged results.For more information about Les Gaz Industriels Limitée (GIL.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Les Gaz Industriels Limitée (GIL.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Les Gaz Industriels Limitée (GIL.mu) 2016 abridged results.Company ProfileLes Gaz Industriels Limitée is based in Bell Village, Mauritius, and engages in the manufacturing, distribution and sale of industrial gases such as liquid and gaseous nitrogen in bulk, cylinders and welding electrodes in Mauritius and internationally. The company’s production line also include medical gases that are primarily used for medical purposes such as hospitals and clinics, these gases include oxygen, air, entonox, and nitrous oxide gases. In addition, Les Gaz Industriels Limitée offers industrial gas equipment comprising of regulators, cutting torches, flashback arrestors, and a selection of accessories and options in medical gas equipment, as well as welding and cutting services. Les Gaz Industriels Limitée is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.
Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Industrial holding sector has released it’s 2019 interim results for the half year.For more information about Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Carbacid Investments Plc (CARB.ke) 2019 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileCarbacid (CO²) Investments Plc is a leading producer of natural food grade carbon dioxide in East Africa. The company extracts carbon dioxide gas from natural underground reservoirs which are purified on site to produce natural, certified food grade (99.99% purity) for use in carbonate water, soft drinks and alcoholic beverages. The CO² is Halaal certified. Compressed carbon dioxide sold by Carbacid Investments Limited is used by the industry sector for MIG welding and applications for fire extinguishers. Formerly a sub-division of BEA Sawmills Limited, the company was founded in 1975 through various mergers and acquisitions and renamed Carbacid Investments Limited. It supplies major drinks bottlers and breweries in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Southern Sudan, Somaliland, Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda and Burundi. Carbacid Investments Plc is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange
It’s fair to say that, in the past, Warren Buffett wasn’t the biggest fan of gold. “Gold gets dug out of the ground in Africa, or someplace. Then we melt it down, dig another hole, bury it again and pay people to stand around guarding it. It has no utility. Anyone watching from Mars would be scratching their head,” he said in 1998.Then, in 2009, when asked about gold’s prospects for the next five years, Buffett said: “I have no views as to where it will be, but the one thing I can tell you is it won’t do anything between now and then except look at you.” Clearly, gold was not Buffett’s favourite investment.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…It seems his attitude may be changing. On Friday, his company Berkshire Hathaway said that it has just made a gold-related investment.Buffett just made a gold investmentTo be clear, Buffett hasn’t bought gold itself. He hasn’t loaded up on gold bullion bars or invested in a gold exchange-traded fund (ETF).But what he has done is buy a large number of shares in Barrick Gold – one of the world’s largest gold mining companies. In a 13F filing detailing its US-listed investments as of 30 June, Berkshire disclosed a new 21m shareholding in Barrick, worth about $570m.What does this tell us?This is certainly an interesting move from Buffett. Especially when you consider that the filing also revealed he has been selling shares in some of his financial services holdings, including Wells Fargo, JP Morgan Chase, and Goldman Sachs.We can’t be sure exactly why Buffett has bought a gold stock. However, in my view, this move suggests Buffett is concerned about the unprecedented stimulus packages that central banks have announced this year. He may also be concerned about inflation (gold can act as a hedge against inflation).If the gold price continues to rise, Barrick Gold should do well for Buffett. This is because a rise in the gold price can have a dramatic impact on a gold miner’s profitability. If the gold price rises significantly above a company’s cost of production, the increase tends to go straight to its bottom line. That can drive the company’s share price much higher.Looking for UK gold stocks?If you’re interested in following Buffett’s lead and buying a gold stock, you’ve plenty of options as a UK investor. There are many gold stocks on the London Stock Exchange.I’ll point out, however, that Buffett’s choice, Barrick Gold, is a giant. It has a market-cap of nearly $50bn and generated revenues of $9.7bn last year. In other words, Buffett isn’t messing around with a tiny, speculative gold miner. He’s made a small investment (for him) in a large-cap, dividend-paying gold stock.The most similar stock in the UK is probably FTSE 100 company Polymetal International. It’s a top-10 global gold producer with a market capitalisation of £9.4bn.Just remember though, gold mining is a complex business. There are many things that can go wrong. This means gold stocks don’t always rise when the gold price is climbing.If you’re thinking about investing in UK gold stocks, my advice is to spread your capital over a number of different stocks to minimise stock-specific risk. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Edward Sheldon, CFA | Monday, 17th August, 2020 Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Image source: The Motley Fool Edward Sheldon has no position in any shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Warren Buffett just made a shock move: he bought a gold stock! Enter Your Email Address Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares See all posts by Edward Sheldon, CFA
Enter Your Email Address Peter Stephens | Thursday, 28th January, 2021 Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Get the full details on this £5 stock now – while your report is free. FREE REPORT: Why this £5 stock could be set to surge Are you on the lookout for UK growth stocks?If so, get this FREE no-strings report now.While it’s available: you’ll discover what we think is a top growth stock for the decade ahead.And the performance of this company really is stunning.In 2019, it returned £150million to shareholders through buybacks and dividends.We believe its financial position is about as solid as anything we’ve seen.Since 2016, annual revenues increased 31%In March 2020, one of its senior directors LOADED UP on 25,000 shares – a position worth £90,259Operating cash flow is up 47%. (Even its operating margins are rising every year!)Quite simply, we believe it’s a fantastic Foolish growth pick.What’s more, it deserves your attention today.So please don’t wait another moment. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Image source: Getty Images. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Making a passive income with UK dividend shares could be a relatively appealing option. Certainly, the challenging economic outlook means many companies have reduced their shareholder payouts in the last year. Furthermore, a stock market rally has pushed many share prices higher.However, it is still possible to earn a higher income return from stocks than from other assets. Therefore, through buying a diverse range of financially sound companies, it may be possible to enjoy an attractive passive income in the long run.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Making a passive income with UK dividend sharesBuying and holding UK dividend shares has been a popular means of making a passive income for many years. Yes, they have their downs as well as ups. But they have generally offered a higher income return than assets such as cash and bonds. However, at the moment, the difference between mainstream assets in terms of their income prospects is perhaps greater than it has been for a number of years.While indexes such as the FTSE 100 are expected to yield 3%-4% in the next 12 months, low interest rates mean that cash and bonds may struggle to beat inflation. Furthermore, with interest rates expected to remain at a low level for the next few years, this situation may not change at a brisk pace. This could mean cash savings and bonds struggle to provide an investor with a sufficient passive income to fund their spending commitments.The risks of dividend stocksAlthough there has been a stock market rally that has pushed the prices of many UK dividend shares higher, risks remain. The stock market has always been a volatile place to invest, where returns and dividends are never guaranteed. However, at the present time it is arguably riskier than it has been for a number of years. Coronavirus disruption and a weak economic outlook combine to create very difficult operating conditions for many businesses.As such, it could be prudent to buy a diverse range of shares. That could spread the risk across many sectors and geographies. Similarly, a sound step may be buying companies that are more likely to survive a period of challenging economic conditions because of their low debt levels and high cash positions. They may still struggle, but they could be at less risk of reducing dividends or folding.A long-term viewOf course, the track record of UK dividend shares and the economy suggests that a return to more upbeat operating conditions is likely over the long run. As such, despite their higher risks, they could represent a sound means of obtaining a generous passive income. And this could have the potential to grow at an above-inflation pace over the coming years. They may even benefit from a further stock market rally that helps to lift their valuations. See all posts by Peter Stephens Stock market rally: I’d buy UK dividend shares today to make a passive income
Image source: Tesla Paul Summers | Monday, 15th February, 2021 | More on: SMT I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! John Mackey, CEO of Whole Foods Market, an Amazon subsidiary, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. Paul Summers owns shares in Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust. The Motley Fool UK owns shares of and has recommended Amazon, Illumina, and Tesla and recommends the following options: long January 2022 $1920 calls on Amazon and short January 2022 $1940 calls on Amazon. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. FTSE 100 member Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust (LSE: SMT) was the most popular buy among clients of online share dealing platform Hargreaves Lansdown last week. As a holder of the tech-focused fund already, I’m not about to complain. In fact, I already hold this share and the momentum seen in its share price over the last year has left me asking whether I should be buying more. SMT: FTSE 100 starSince markets hit rock bottom in March 2020, SMT’s shares have climbed almost 200% in value. Over the last five years, the trust has increased a little over 480%. By comparison, the FTSE 100 index has put on 32% since the coronavirus pandemic gripped markets.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…It’s also put on a paltry 11% since February 2016. For me, this is yet more evidence that it’s possible for active investors to handsomely outperform the market. The only snag is that it’s vital to pick the right stocks at the right time. That takes skill. But it also takes a fair bit of luck, at least in my opinion.Of course, SMT’s form isn’t surprising when you take a look at what it owns. Its five biggest holdings at the end of January were internet giant Tencent, biotech firm Illumina, online mega-giant Amazon and electric car makers Tesla and Nio. All have soared in value over the last year as investors have sought relative safety in pandemic-proof companies and those likely to benefit from the green energy revolution.So, should I buy more? There is no shortage of reasons to continue investing in SMT as I see it. Aside from the performance it’s delivered to date, the 0.36% fee charged by managers James Anderson and Tom Slater is seriously low for an active fund. In fact, it’s not all that different from what investors can expect to pay for global index tracker.This effectively means that more gains stay in the pockets of investors relative to other funds. On top of its holdings in the aforementioned high-growth giants, Scottish Mortgage also gives me access to promising private companies that aren’t even listed.This isn’t to say the company will remain an investing slam dunk. It’s hard to disagree with the idea that some markets, sectors and stocks that SMT invests in look frothy. Almost 40% of the trust is invested in the US market, for example. That might not be as much as other, equally popular actively managed funds such as Fundsmith Equity (70%).Even so, the latter holds a very different portfolio. What’s more, almost half of SMT is also taken up with Consumer Cyclical stocks, making it arguably less diversified than some in the market would probably like.Long-term holders onlyFor me, SMT remains a great FTSE 100 investment and one I’ll continue adding to on a sporadic basis. However, a lot of this conviction rests on my strategy of holding stocks and funds for the long term. What’s suitable for me may not be suitable for the next person with a more limited timeline. Indeed, if I were only looking to make quick profits — which is about as far away from Foolish investing as you can get — I’d tread carefully. SMT enjoyed a stellar 2020. With a market-cap approaching £20bn however, there’s a chance it could struggle to replicate this performance in 2021. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. See all posts by Paul Summers “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Enter Your Email Address Hargreaves Lansdown investors are buying Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust. Should I? Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this.
An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET By Mary Frances SchjonbergPosted Sep 13, 2013 New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Video: Kesner Ajax explains a well-run Haiti partnership Tags Video TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Associate Rector Columbus, GA Submit an Event Listing Youth Minister Lorton, VA Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Rector Martinsville, VA Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Rector Collierville, TN Rector Washington, DC Haiti, Haiti Medical Missions, Featured Jobs & Calls Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Knoxville, TN Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 [Episcopal News Service] The Rev. Kesner Ajax, Episcopal Diocese of Haiti partnership coordinator and executive director of the Bishop Tharp Business and Technology Institute spoke to the Haiti Medical Missions Best Practices Symposium on Sept. 7 about why the La Gonâve Haiti Partnership works so well.An ENS report on the symposium is here.– The Rev. Mary Frances Schjonberg is an editor/reporter for the Episcopal News Service. Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Featured Events An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Rector Smithfield, NC Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector Shreveport, LA The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Rector Belleville, IL Director of Music Morristown, NJ Curate Diocese of Nebraska Rector Pittsburgh, PA Health & Healthcare, Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector Tampa, FL Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Rector Albany, NY Press Release Service Rector Bath, NC This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Submit a Job Listing Submit a Press Release Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Rector Hopkinsville, KY
Photographs CopyHouses•Madesimo, Italy Year: Projects Architects: ES-arch Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/231742/c-house-es-arch Clipboard ArchDaily Houses 2011 C House / ES-archSave this projectSaveC House / ES-arch C House / ES-arch Area: 350 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Italy Save this picture!© Marcello Mariana+ 17 Share CopyAbout this officeES-archOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousesMadesimoItalyPublished on May 04, 2012Cite: “C House / ES-arch” 04 May 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Area Area of this architecture project Spain Houses “COPY” Six Semi-Detached Houses + Isolated House in Rocafort/ Antonio Altarriba ComesSave this projectSaveSix Semi-Detached Houses + Isolated House in Rocafort/ Antonio Altarriba Comes ArchDaily Area: 2135 m² Photographs Architects: Save this picture!© Diego Opazo+ 15 Share Six Semi-Detached Houses + Isolated House in Rocafort/ Antonio Altarriba Comes ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/373249/six-semi-detached-houses-isolated-house-in-rocafort-antonio-altarriba-comes Clipboard Photographs: Diego OpazoSave this picture!© Diego OpazoText description provided by the architects. This project, consisting of six semi-detached houses and an isolated one located in Rocafort (Valencia), tries to get homogeneity and order of the independent units creating a whole.Basically, there are three different types of houses: on the one hand, there are two different distributions for the semi-detached houses, and on the other hand the isolated house, which works generating the whole group but keeping its own identity as a single-family house.Save this picture!© Diego OpazoThe whole group is a combination of different pieces that come together indifferently, getting the suggestive unity of variety that is the pursuit of contemporary architecture.The volumes consist mainly of two elements: the ground floor, which is completely opened to the exterior through its north and south sides and closed by white walls in the east and west façades, and the upper floor, built with natural stone, which lay overhanging from the ground floor with drilling façades depending on the interior needs.Save this picture!© Diego OpazoBoth floors are connected by a courtyard which is the main distributor of the inside spaces of the house. Therefore, the courtyard becomes the main void in this project and contains light materializing it like a “bright prism”. The light is distributed around the house, turning into the “light soul” of the house depending on where it is located.The courtyard turns into a void sculpture which drills the houses hearths. The small surface of the courtyard and its façades, completely built in glass, filter the light and the air creating a faint atmosphere. One can even enjoy the great visual feeling of the rain falling during the stormy days or gaze at the moon and the stars from unexpected locations inside the house.Save this picture!© Diego OpazoThe light is able to materialize the interior space, both by day and at night. During daylight, big amounts of light get into the house through the big windows. The light is coloured and materialized by wooden slats that protect the windows of the ground floor. At night, through artificial light, the houses turn into a container of the bright void. This is a significant effect to understand that in some dots the inside part of the house extends indefinitely to the exterior.Save this picture!© Diego OpazoRegarding on the program, all the houses consist of living room, dining room, kitchen, utility room and bathroom in the ground floor and three bedrooms, two bathrooms and a dressing room in the first floor.Save this picture!PlansProject gallerySee allShow lessKickstarter Campaign Aims to Transform Denver Parking Lot into Outdoor ClassroomArchitecture NewsThe City of Fort Lauderdale Votes in Favor of BIG’s Marina LoftsArticles Share “COPY” CopyHouses, Housing•Rocafort, Spain ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/373249/six-semi-detached-houses-isolated-house-in-rocafort-antonio-altarriba-comes Clipboard Projects CopyAbout this officeAntonio Altarriba ComesOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousingRocafortSpainPublished on May 17, 2013Cite: “Six Semi-Detached Houses + Isolated House in Rocafort/ Antonio Altarriba Comes” [6 Viviendas Pareadas y 1 vivienda Aislada en Rocafort / Antonio Altarriba Comes] 17 May 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Home Indiana Agriculture News Questions and Answers About the Road From Farm to Table SHARE Questions and Answers About the Road From Farm to Table Facebook Twitter Purdue University’s College of Agriculture offers the following questions and answers to provide background and insight into how COVID-19 is impacting the food supply chain and animal welfare. The information is provided by Jayson Lusk, distinguished professor and head of the Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, and Candace Croney, professor, animal behavior and well-being, and director, Center for Animal Welfare Science, Purdue University.If there’s a surplus at the farm, why is there a shortage in the grocery store?Why are farmers dumping milk and plowing under vegetable crops while grocery store shelves are bare? This happens when the processing and distribution sectors that turn raw farm commodities into the food we eat are disrupted. With 54% of food spending occurring in restaurants and cafeterias, and that sector of the economy nearly shut down, there was a dramatic spike in demand for food in grocery stores — a demand the industry was not prepared to meet. Dairies, for example, may package small cartons of milk for schools that are now closed and not have the cash and equipment necessary to package milk in gallon jugs.Why would farmers throw away food?Despite the COVID-19 crisis, cows continued producing the same amount of milk. With restaurants and processors unable to take their usual quantities of agricultural products, farmers are left with few options. In some cases, products can be stored in warehouses or grain bins, but those aren’t options for perishable products. Sometimes farmers can donate to food banks. However, food banks don’t have the equipment or volunteers to take bulk quantities of raw milk, for example, and convert it to products we can consume. It’s also costly to harvest and transport food. The unfortunate result is that food is sometimes dumped, discarded or fed to livestock. No farmer takes this decision lightly. The recently passed CARES act includes some provisions for the government to buy excess production, which may provide some relief.Why are meat packing plants shutting down?Most of the livestock and poultry slaughter in the United States occurs in a small number of large meat packing plants, and then products are distributed to tens of thousands of grocery stores and restaurants around the country. For example, there are more than 60,000 pork producers in the U.S., but roughly 60% of all hogs are processed in just 15 large pork-packing plants. These packing plants are designed to efficiently and affordably process animals for food consumption, and each one has a large workforce. Despite precautionary measures, several packing plants were temporarily shut down when a number of workers were diagnosed with COVID-19. Employees work in refrigerated buildings in close quarters, where there is a high potential to spread the COVID-19 virus among workers. An important note: There is no evidence that COVID-19 is spread through food; our meat supply is safe.What are the impacts of packing plant shutdowns for farmers and consumers?U.S. meat processing capacity has been significantly diminished. Due to shutdowns and slowdowns related to COVID-19, packing plants are no longer able to take as many cattle and hogs, the price of livestock has plummeted, and farmers and ranchers are left without a destination for their animals.While producers are facing lower prices for livestock, consumers are facing higher prices for meat products. With packing plants unable to process as many animals, there is less meat on the market, and competition among groceries to secure supply is pushing up retail prices. Retailers may dip into cold storage inventory if they run out of stock, and the beef, pork and poultry we typically export could be left in the U.S. for domestic consumption. Still, consumers will likely need to remain flexible and adapt to meat product availability and prices.Are we going to run out of food?No. Agriculture is a seasonal business. The corn, wheat, soy and rice we are eating today was harvested and stored months ago. Food production is widely distributed across the United States. So, even if one area of the country is hard hit by the coronavirus, production in other parts of the country will offset losses. The peak-demand observed in grocery stores in mid-March has largely subsided. While grocery sales initially increased 100% or more for many items, grocery buying is now only about 20% to 30% higher than this time last year. The challenges observed in the grocery store are not a result of insufficient food, but rather the difficulties in processing and distribution.How much of our food comes from abroad?Although the U.S. exports more agricultural products than it imports, there are some food products for which we rely on farmers in other countries. Overall, only 11% of the food we eat in the United States comes from abroad, but this figure varies widely based on the food. Which foods might become scarce if the global flow of food subsides? Virtually all the coffee, cocoa and spices Americans consume come from abroad. Most of the fish and shellfish we consume is imported. And about half of fresh fruits, mainly bananas and grapes, are imported.Why euthanize the animals instead of just keeping them on farms?The decision to euthanize large numbers of animals is a devastating last resort for farmers, who typically seek out all feasible alternatives before making such a decision. Ultimately, conditions that are likely to cause animals significant welfare problems will dictate the decision to euthanize. With processing plants unable to operate at capacity and some already temporarily shut down, farmers will be worried about animals that are continuing to grow becoming overcrowded. Overcrowding will impact their ability to express normal behaviors and to rest comfortably, and may result in aggression and other undesirable or injurious behaviors. Maintaining hygiene, air quality and temperatures that keep animals comfortable will also become increasingly challenging as animals outgrow the spaces where they are kept. To avoid having animals suffer under these conditions, farmers will make the difficult decision to euthanize.Why not wait to see if things improve instead of euthanizing now?As is true in many euthanasia decisions, taking a “wait and see” approach may put the welfare of animals in greater jeopardy. When mass euthanasia or depopulation appears necessary to address an emergency such as that caused by the current COVID-19 crisis, delays can result in animals experiencing significant discomfort, distress and suffering. Waiting too long to euthanize can result in fewer or poorer options for humanely ending animals’ lives and can take an additional toll on animal welfare as well as on farmers charged with this distressing task.How will the animals be euthanized?Euthanizing animals safely, humanely and in a timely manner is an enormous challenge. Farmers will work with their veterinarians to use American Veterinary Medical Association-approved methods that result in the quickest, most humane method of euthanasia possible for the types and ages of animals on their premises. Facebook Twitter SHARE By Purdue University News Service – Apr 30, 2020 Previous articlePeterson Will Draft Emergency Plan for AgricultureNext articleSoy-based Herbicide Wins Student Soybean Innovation Competition Purdue University News Service