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Australia is on track to surpass Qatar as the world’s largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter, U.S. Energy Information Administration said, citing Australia’s Department of Industry, Innovation, and Science (DIIS). Australia already surpassed Qatar in LNG export capacity and exported more LNG than Qatar in November 2018 and April 2019.Within the next year, as Australia’s newly commissioned projects ramp up and operate at full capacity, EIA expects Australia to consistently export more LNG than Qatar.Australia’s LNG export capacity increased from 2.6 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in 2011 to more than 11.4 Bcf/d in 2019.Australia’s DIIS forecasts that Australian LNG exports will grow to 10.8 Bcf/d by 2020–21 once the recently commissioned Wheatstone, Ichthys, and Prelude floating LNG (FLNG) projects ramp up to full production.Prelude FLNG located offshore in northwestern Australia, was the last of the eight new LNG export projects that came online in Australia in 2012 through 2018 as part of a major LNG capacity buildout.Starting in 2012, five LNG export projects were developed in northwestern Australia: onshore projects Pluto, Gorgon, Wheatstone, and Ichthys, and the offshore Prelude FLNG. The total LNG export capacity in northwestern Australia is now 8.1 Bcf/d, EIA noted.In eastern Australia, three LNG export projects were completed in 2015 and 2016 on Curtis Island in Queensland—Queensland Curtis, Gladstone, and Australia Pacific—with a combined nameplate capacity of 3.4 Bcf/d. All three projects in eastern Australia use natural gas from coalbed methane as a feedstock to produce LNG.Most of Australia’s LNG is exported under long-term contracts to three countries: Japan, China, and South Korea. An increasing share of Australia’s LNG exports in recent years has been sent to China to serve its growing natural gas demand. The remaining volumes were almost entirely exported to other countries in Asia, with occasional small volumes exported to destinations outside of Asia.For several years, Australia’s natural gas markets in eastern states have been experiencing natural gas shortages and increasing prices because coal-bed methane production at some LNG export facilities in Queensland has not been meeting LNG export commitments. During these shortfalls, project developers have been supplementing their own production with natural gas purchased from the domestic market. The Australian government implemented several initiatives to address domestic natural gas production shortages in eastern states.Several private companies proposed to develop LNG import terminals in southeastern Australia. Of the five proposed LNG import projects, Port Kembla LNG (proposed import capacity of 0.3 Bcf/d) is in the most advanced stage, having secured the necessary siting permits and an offtake contract with Australian customers. If built, the Port Kembla project will use the floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) Höegh Galleon starting in January 2021.
Indianapolis, In. — An Indiana Department of Homeland Security (IDHS) search and rescue K9 team deployed to California Sunday to assist ongoing search efforts for missing and unaccounted victims of California wild fires, the agency announced.Lillian Hardy and K9 Eris deployed to Butte County on Sunday, Nov. 25, and will return on Dec. 10. Hardy and Eris will assist local and state officials in human remains detection in areas devastated by the Camp Fire. The Camp Fire began Nov. 8, and has claimed at least 85 lives and left nearly 300 missing.Hardy leads the IDHS search and rescue training program and also assists Indiana public safety agencies in search and rescue operations, when requested. Hardy and Eris are certified through the National Search Dog Alliance for land and water human remains detection, the National Association for Search and Rescue for disaster human remains detection, as well as IDHS for cadaver land and water search.The K9 search and rescue program provides training to search and rescue teams from across the country. The program consists of structured classes of varying levels and disciplines from basic foundation training to advanced skills.Follow the Indiana Department of Homeland Security on Facebook or Twitter for updates.
AMID much expectation and excitement, the 2017 edition of the Guinness ‘Greatest of the Streets’ Georgetown Championship, was officially launched yesterday at the Thirst Park Sports Club.The event which will commence tomorrow at the East Ruimveldt Community Centre tarmac (California Square), comprises 32 teams battling in an initial round-robin format, comprising eight groups of four teams.Upon the conclusion of the group stage, the top two finishers from each pool, will advance to the round of 16 elimination section.The event will feature new rules. The most important addition will occur in the final three minutes, as any goal scored in that period, will result in the team being awarded two goals. It is called a ‘Guinness Goal’.Similarly, each team will only be allowed two fouls per half, with the third infraction and every foul thereafter, resulting in a penalty kick being awarded to the opposition.Also, if any player intentionally kicks the ball outside of the arena, based on the judgement of the referee, that individual will have to leave the match for three minutes, effectively reducing their team to three players for that period.The other playing dates are November 23, 25 and 30, December 2, 5, 7, 9 and 16. Also, the other venues that will be utilised are Albouystown, Burnham Court, National Cultural Centre and Demerara Park.Lee Baptiste, Guinness Brand Manager, declared,that the event is testimony to the company’s commitment to organising social activities in the communities.He noted that street football has been an avenue to identify talents in the world, especially in England, noting, “Banks DIH Limited remains committed to social activities in the communities. I wish all the teams the best of luck to show that your community is made of more.”Colours Boutique representative, Creanna Damon, affirmed that her company is once again proud to be associated with the tournament.Rawle Welch, representative of Three Peat Promotions, thanked the company for the affording his organisation the opportunity to coordinate the championship, declaring that the record number of team submissions for the recently concluded playoff section, indicates that the event is growing in popularity.Welch added that he expects a very competitive tournament, affirming that many of the teams possess the necessary talents to emerge victorious.Winners of the overall event will walk away with $500 000 and the championship trophy along with automatic qualification for the National Playoffs.The runners-up, third- and fourth-place finishers will receive $250 000, $200 000 and $100 000 respectively.The event is also sponsored by Colours Boutique.
Facebook Twitter Google+ After a full month, No. 4 Syracuse’s game against Canisius (11-6, 8-0 Metro Atlantic), which had been suspended since April 3, finally resumed Tuesday at Canisius. The Orange (17-5, 5-2 Atlantic Coast) won, 13-11. Kelly Cross scored two of SU’s three goals on the day to pull away from the Golden Griffins.The game had been tied at 10 with 6:05 remaining before snow on the field required officials to call the game. Just before the game was postponed due to weather, the Golden Griffins scored three straight goals to tie up the Orange.SU had originally rescheduled its game against Canisius April 5 to April 3 because SU had more competition dates than the NCAA allows, head coach Gary Gait said. That meant Syracuse hosted Duke at noon, won 14-12 and then boarded a bus to Buffalo to take on Canisius just a few hours later.After play resumed Tuesday, Cross took advantage of a free position opportunity and scored the first goal of the day to give the Orange a 11-10 lead. Canisius answered with a goal to tie the game back up at 11 with 2:57 remaining.But Kayla Treanor won the ensuing draw and threw a quick pass ahead to Halle Majorana, who netted a goal six seconds later. Cross netted the game’s final goal with 1:54 remaining to give SU a two-goal cushion and, eventually, the win.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textDespite not scoring Tuesday, SU sophomore attack Riley Donahue had two goals and two assists before the stoppage in play.In April, Canisius jumped out to a 1-0 lead just two minutes into the first half. The two teams seemed evenly matched and traded goals until the Orange outscored the Griffins in the last 17:53 of the half to grab a 7-5 lead going into halftime.Syracuse scored a few quick goals to begin the second half and looked poised to finish the game strong, but SU collapsed in the final 6:57 before the game was called. In a short 1:25, Canisius exploded for three quick goals to tie the game at 10-10. Finally on Tuesday, SU recovered from its near-collapse to grab the win. Published on May 3, 2016 at 5:42 pm Contact Liam: email@example.com Comments
QPR boss Harry Redknapp says his players must be ready to face an intimidating atmosphere when they play Leeds United at Elland Road this weekend.Both teams are unbeaten in the Championship so far this season and Redknapp believes Leeds will challenge for promotion under manager Brian McDermott.“It’ll be a tough game. You don’t get an easy game at Leeds,” said Redknapp.“It’s a passionate, fantastic crowd – great support. It’s one of the great clubs in English football.“You look at the support and the club over the years that Leeds have been. They still have great support home and away and it’s an intimidating place to go.“They’ve got a good manager in Brian McDermott and a good team. I’m sure they’ll be there or thereabouts.“With that crowd behind them, no-one will go to Elland Road and get an easy game that’s for sure. They’ll be right up there.“They’re talking about getting maybe 30,000 tomorrow. It’ll be a great atmosphere and we’ll have to be at our best to get a result there.”See also:QPR star passed fit for Leeds 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
A study of marine tetrapods that “evolved” for ocean life shows “convergent evolution” rampant at all scales over “hundreds of millions of years.”What do penguins, mosasaurs, sea lions, sea turtles, and whales have in common? For one, they are tetrapods (4-legged creatures) that live in the ocean. For another (according to evolutionary theory), they began as land animals. A new study published in Science Magazine shows, however, that they (and many others) share such similar features that the only way to explain it is by “convergent evolution.” This is the notion that unrelated creatures evolved the same solutions to environmental problems independently. But is this a scientific explanation, or a phrase looking for meaning?Sascha Vignieti explains in a short review in Science Magazine how the environment becomes the “selector” in convergent natural selection:Over biological history, several different groups of vertebrate tetrapods have reinvaded the marine environment. Although these groups are widely distributed among reptiles, mammals, amphibians, and birds, the shapes they have evolved are remarkably similar. Kelley and Pyenson review the literature on marine vertebrate groups over time and describe the innovations that facilitated the evolution of these marine forms, the environmental conditions that selected for such convergence of form, and the threats they face from future environment change.The “environmental threats” angle (by humans, presumably) is just a footnote in the main point by Neil P. Kelley and Nicholas D. Pyenson’s paper, “Evolutionary innovation and ecology in marine tetrapods from the Triassic to the Anthropocene” (for Anthropocene, see 4/11/15). Noting the similarity of shapes, flippers, and other adaptations to aquatic life, they call on the power of “convergent evolution” repeatedly to explain commonalities found from the molecular level to the whole animal. A few examples:Fig. 2 Convergent morphology in marine tetrapods. Similar anatomy evolved among lineages that independently adopted marine lifestyles.[List of 9 animals] showing anatomical convergence reflecting limb streamlining.[Section heading] Convergent evolution from molecules to morphologyMarine tetrapods provide canonical illustrations of evolutionary convergence (Fig. 2), widely regarded as repeated solutions to problems imposed by physical contrasts between land and water.Functional trade-offs can ultimately drive specialization and steer evolutionary convergence, as with repeated loss of flight among seabirds specialized for aquatic locomotion. In vivo studies of feeding performance provide similar insight into functional trade-offs and specialization, which shaped convergence in marine tetrapod feeding systems.Fossil anatomy reveals the evolution of countercurrent heat exchange in penguins, convergent with similar systems in marine mammals [e.g., whales, walruses].The scope of recent studies of convergent evolution extends beyond morphology to include molecular physiology, metabolism and thermoregulation, and life history.Genomic investigations have revealed convergent genetic origins of important innovations, such as sex determination mechanisms, myoglobin adaptations facilitating deep diving, and echolocation.Stable isotopes from fossils elucidate parallel histories of habitat shift in early cetaceans and sirenians and convergent evolution of endothermy in Mesozoic marine reptiles.Recent breakthroughs in fossil pigment reconstruction have resolved structural and pigment adaptations in fossil seabird feathers and have revealed widespread dark coloration in fossil marine reptiles, possibly for temperature regulation or ultraviolet light protection.Exceptionally preserved fossils document convergent reproductive adaptations in marine reptiles. Recently discovered early ichthyosaur fossils extend the history of viviparity [giving birth to live young] in this group back to the Early Triassic and indicate that viviparity evolved in terrestrial forerunners as an enabling factor for, rather than an adaptive response to, aquatic life.Fossils suggest that some marine reptiles converged upon K-selected life histories [i.e., stable populations] observed among marine mammals.Aquatic birth evolved early in cetacean [whale] and sirenian [seal] evolution, but these transitions are so far only partly constrained by fossils.These episodes of replacement between lineages are mirrored by iterative patterns within lineages. For example, evolution of herbivory and durophagy (feeding on hard-shelled prey) drove repeated convergent feeding morphologies in living and fossil sea turtles.It’s everywhere, in other words: shape, coloration, birth patterns, warm-bloodedness, feeding habits, echolocation, thermal regulation, metabolism, genes—you name it, “convergent evolution” did it. But how does convergent evolution work? In the section “Causes and consequences of convergence, innovation, and radiation,” Kelley and Pyenson offer ideas:In addition to external drivers, convergent evolution is shaped by the underlying genetic and developmental pathways that give rise to convergent structures. Thus, repeated evolution of hydrodynamic limbs and axial modifications likely exploited parallel developmental mechanisms. Such shared pathways may extend to the level of gene regulation linking genomic and phenotypic convergence and innovation. Recent work on marine mammal genomic convergence has questioned the prevalence of such linkages; however, more work is needed to evaluate potential scaling of convergence from gene to phenotype.But saying “convergent evolution is shaped by the underlying genetic and developmental pathways that give rise to convergent structures” is no more informative than saying, “A mystery is shaped by the underlying genetic and developmental pathways that give rise to mysteries.” In their view, complex “innovations” (like echolocation) appear like magic:Innovations facilitate and constrain downstream evolution, as illustrated in the discrete pathways from drag-based to lift-based swimming in limb- and tail-propelled aquatic mammals. Likewise, independent innovation of aquatic birth in multiple marine reptile and marine mammal lineages removed the constraints of terrestrial locomotion, enabling limb and skeletal modification to increase swimming performance, as well as gigantism in some clades. Convergent evolutionary pathways [e.g., the emergence of tail-driven locomotion in ichthyosaurs, mosasaurs, and whales (Fig. 2A)] might follow similar tempos across groups, but this hypothesis awaits further testing.The authors do not point to any actual transitions documented in fossils between land animals without the innovations to well-adapted marine creatures with them. Their only reference to “discrete pathways from drag-based to lift-based swimming” is to a 1996 paper by F. E. Fish, who merely assumed that transitions had to occur by evolution. He saw that land animals and semi-aquatic animals experience drag, as opposed to highly-adapted marine mammals like whales and dolphins whose tail flukes with an up-and-down motion are more efficient. That transition alone would have required major anatomical changes to the skeleton, musculature and other systems. What possible evidence is there for a statement like, “Independent innovation…removed the constraints of terrestrial locomotion, enabling limb and skeletal modification to increase swimming performance….”? How did innovation happen, let alone independent innovation multiple times? They merely assume innovation happened, with no explanation other than using its handwaving synonym, “emergence.”Within their category of “innovations” that “emerged” somehow, there are highly-complex systems of interdependent parts:Diversification can be triggered by innovations that occur well after initial invasions. For example, echolocation and baleen—two key innovations that evolved tens of millions of years after whales first entered the oceans—mark the emergence of crown cetaceans.The devil, though, is in the details. Echolocation requires a number of specialized adaptations, as observed in dolphins: (1) a sound production mechanism (the phonic lips, very different from vocal cords); (2) a means of reflecting the sounds outward (performed by a modified skull); (3) a means for focusing the sound (the melon); (4) an antenna for receiving the echoes (performed by the jaw and teeth); (5) a means for channeling the echos into the inner ear; and perhaps the most challenging feature, (6) a means for interpreting the signals and responding to them. Dolphin echolocation is more advanced than any man-made sonar. Dolphins can locate a BB in a swimming pool blindfolded, can find fish 6″ under the sand, and can tell the difference between a golf ball and a ping-pong ball by density alone.Counter-current heat exchangers (CCHE), referred to in the paper, are another example of complex systems. These would have required multiple “innovations” from land ancestors: (1) dorsal fins and tail flukes instead of legs; (2) absence of blubber is the fin and fluke; (2) vein networks close to the skin of the dorsal fin and tail fluke to shed excess heat; (3) rete mirabile (“miraculous nets”) of arteries and veins where blood moves in opposite directions, so that the cooled veins can absorb heat from the arteries; (4) locating the retes where they are needed. All these elements must exist together, simultaneously, for the heat exchange to work. This is especially notable in the case of the reproductive organs of whales. Unlike land mammals, the male cetacean has testes inside the body, wedged between two huge swimming muscles that get hot during fast swimming. Yet the testes must be cooler than body temperature to produce sperm. It’s like trying to run a refrigerator between two heat engines. The CCHE is so effective in whales and dolphins, it actually cools the testes even more during hard swimming. In the female, the CCHE keeps the developing fetus from overheating.A little reflection shows the “emergence” of the CCHE presenting a severe challenge for Darwinian theory. Evolution relies on reproduction. Without the CCHE already present and functioning, the male can’t produce sperm. The female, likewise, cannot keep the fetus from dying of overheating. This would spell extinction for the proto-whale in one generation, before it even gets into deep water. Ocean water itself (“the environment”) cannot select something that isn’t there. Yet how could blind mutations bring about all the elements of the CCHE together at the same time? And without echolocation, how could the whale or dolphin eat?These challenges are completely ignored by Kelley and Pyenson. To them, “innovation” just occurs. How? By “emergence.” Yet the Smithsonian Newsdesk thinks their ideas are “seriously amazing.”For more than 250 million years, four-limbed land animals known as tetrapods have repeatedly conquered the Earth’s oceans. These creatures—such as plesiosaurs, penguins and sea turtles—descended from separate groups of terrestrial vertebrates that convergently evolved to thrive in aquatic environments.In a new scientific review, a team of Smithsonian scientists synthesized decades of scientific discoveries to illuminate the common and unique patterns driving the extraordinary transitions that whales, dolphins, seals and other species underwent as they moved from land to sea.This article, too, is infatuated with the phrase “convergent evolution,” using it 8 times. Some may question how illuminating it is to chalk the extraordinary transitions to a vacuous idea that assumes what it needs to prove.How can we put a stop to the Darwin Party flimflam show, with its magical mystery tour featuring “convergence” and “emergence” and “innovation” miracles? How can we stop the blind leading the blind by blind processes? Here’s a way you can get involved. Illustra Media’s latest documentary, Living Waters, will make a powerful case against evolution by specifically rebutting “convergent evolution” and by demonstrating the amazing complexity of the systems described above—and more. It’s due out in June or July. Watch the trailer here, and prepare to be amazed! After Metamorphosis: The Beauty and Design of Butterflies, and Flight: The Genius of Birds, this third documentary in the Design of Life series, employing spectacular photography, cutting-edge science, dramatic animation, interesting interviews with scientists and great music accompanying a winsome presentation, will be one to share with everyone you know.Expensive high-quality productions like this are made possible by an army of people who support the work by buying the films and donating to Illustra. Join Illustra’s Facebook page, and use your social media network to get the word out. Consider being a regular donor. Buy copies at Go2RPI.com and give them to influential people and friends. And if you’re a praying person, they could use a lot of prayer right now as all the elements of the film—sound, graphics, animations, narration, music, packaging, and more—are being assembled right now. (Visited 329 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
New Delhi: The CISF on Tuesday said that they have nabbed four passengers with fake passports and handed over to immigration officials at IGI Airport.According to CISF on July 23, four persons were taken to the random checking point for thoroughly checking of their documents and bags. According to CISF on checking of their travelling documents and passports, it came to light that the serial number of their passports engraved on passport covers were different with the serial numbers mentioned in the passports. All were apprehended as the case was related to fake passports.
UNICEF Ambassador and National Basketball Association (NBA) star Pau Gasol pledged $1,000 for every point he scored at the Los Angeles Lakers game on Friday, November 22, to support critical U.S. Fund for UNICEF fundraising relief efforts in the aftermath of Super Tyhoon Haiyan.Gasol raised $24,000 for victims of the typhoon.More than five million children have been affected by the emergency. With every day that goes by, children are becoming weaker and more vulnerable not only to disease, but to trafficking, child labor and violence.“Children are in desperate need of clean water, medicine and nutrition supplies,” said Gasol, a two-time NBA Champion with the Los Angeles Lakers. “Having seen UNICEF’s incredible work for children firsthand, I want to support them in making a difference for children and families in the Philippines who have lost everything.”UNICEF’s first priorities are focused on life-saving interventions — getting essential medicines, nutrition supplies, safe water and hygiene supplies to children and families. UNICEF is also preparing to reunite and protect the most vulnerable children who are unaccompanied by adults, and is actively setting up child-friendly spaces where they can learn, play sports, and receive psychosocial support to help restore a sense of normalcy.“We are always so grateful to Pau Gasol for his unwavering commitment to UNICEF,” said Caryl Stern, President and CEO of the U.S. Fund for UNICEF. “The children in the Philippines need our help now, and in the foreseeable future, so it is critical for us to continue to shine a spotlight on their needs.”As a UNICEF Ambassador, Pau Gasol has seen UNICEF programs for children in action in several countries around the world including HIV/AIDS-related projects and education initiatives. He has also witnessed UNICEF’s emergency relief work in the Sahel region of Africa, and programs supporting Syrian refugees in Iraq. Gasol has supported UNICEF’s work on behalf of child survival and development for a decade both in the United States and Spain.The National Basketball Association (NBA) and National Basketball Player’s Association (NBPA) have also teamed up to donate $250,000 to the U.S. Fund for UNICEF in support of UNICEF’s emergency relief efforts in areas of the Philippines ravaged by the devastating typhoon.To make a donation, click here.
December 26, 2012photo by Tomiaki TamuraArcosanti Visitor Center anticipates visitors traveling through northern Arizona during this holiday season. We are open 9 am to 5 pm, 7 days a week. However, we close at 1 pm on New Year’s Eve (Dec. 31) and all day on New Year’s Day (Jan 1).[Photos and text by TT]photo by Tomiaki TamuraVisitor Center offers tours each hour from 10 am to 4 pm, except for 12 noon. Arcosanti crafts and accessories, along with publication are sold at Arcosanti Gift Gallery.photo by Tomiaki TamuraThe guests may enjoy lunch buffet at Arcosanti Cafe in a spacious setting with spectacular view at $9 per person including beverage and tax, served from 12 noon to 1:30pm.